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7 Common Golden Retriever Behavior Problems and How To Fix Them

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Golden retrievers are such great family dogs. 

They’re so smart, handsome, gentle, and friendly, that it’s easy to overlook some of their behavior problems.

But, like any dog, they’re not perfect. And they tend to have some behavior problems because of their great characteristics.

Golden Retriever Chewing Paper

Most goldens want to be near their people. And they love to be petted and get attention.

And, sometimes, they’ll seek that attention in ways we don’t approve of.

They may jump, grab our hand or arm, or engage in some destructive behaviors.

In this article, I’ll deal with some common golden retriever behavior problems.

Many of these are normal dog behaviors that can be modified through training and exercise.

Normal Dog Behaviors Versus Abnormal Behaviors

Dogs naturally dig, bark, express fear in certain situations, mark territory, chase small animals, and jump. 

They may steal food. Or want to be with us all the time.

Goldens were bred to be sociable, high-energy dogs. They’re bred to retrieve. 

So we shouldn’t be surprised when they become pushy for attention or always have to carry something in their mouths.

My rescued golden Spencer almost always had to carry something in his mouth. So I made sure there were safe toys for him to happily tote around.

Unfortunately, many dogs are given up to shelters because of behaviors that can be modified.  

Many people get a young golden and aren’t aware of all that’s involved in teaching him our rules. 

Goldens are high-energy hunting dogs who don’t mature until they’re three or four years old.

To have a great companion takes a lot of work, patience, and time. 

It’s up to us, as dog owners, to be aware of our dog’s drives, personality, and needs. And to meet those needs.

This article won’t cover in detail abnormal canine behaviors. 

These should be dealt with by behavior specialists who can evaluate the individual dog and determine the best behavior modification plan. 

And it’s always important to have your dog get a full physical from a vet when dealing with any behavior problem.

These abnormal behaviors include aggression toward those around the dog, obsessive-compulsive disorders, shutting down, and severe separation anxiety.

Why Behavior Problems Develop

There is no one reason why some behavior problems occur. 

It’s usually a complex mix of numerous factors. A dog’s genetic makeup can influence behavior. 

If unsocialized, overly shy goldens are bred together, chances are the offspring won’t have the “golden temperament” we’ve come to expect.

Unfortunately, goldens are so popular–the third-popular breed ranked by the American Kennel Club–they are often poorly bred. 

Because of overbreeding or inbreeding, many goldens don’t have the stable temperament that a well-bred golden should have.

There are too many backyard and puppy mill dogs who are more likely to not be the examples of what the breed should be.

Other factors are: 

  • Poor health, illness, or pain
  • No or improper socialization
  • No or inadequate physical or mental stimulation
  • Sudden changes in diet, routine, or placement
  • Lack of or improper training
  • Lack of a quiet, comforting environment
  • Social isolation
  • Inconsistent rules
  •  Abuse or neglect

So it’s important to meet our dog’s physical and mental needs to help prevent natural behavior problems from developing.

7 Common Golden Retriever Behavior Problems

Any breed of dog can develop the following behavior problems. 

But, because of Goldens’ natural friendliness and needs, he’s more likely to develop some problems than some other breeds are. 

1. Jumping on People

Golden retrievers love everyone. They never met a stranger they didn’t like. But it’s this friendliness that can get them into trouble.

Goldens are the greeting committee of the dog world.

Many dogs want to jump on people when greeting them. But it’s different if a five-pound Maltese does rather than a 70-pound golden.

The golden can, of course, unintentionally injure someone, knocking them over in his exuberant greeting. 

And it’s also dangerous for young children because he’ll just knock them over when he’s excited.

2. Engaging in Destructive Behavior

In addition to friendliness, goldens were bred to hunt. They have energy to spare. And they were bred to retrieve and have something in their mouths.

So if we don’t meet their exercise and mental stimulation needs, they’ll find their own ways to meet them.

And generally, we won’t approve of their actions.

They may dig up the garden. Or chew up our furniture. 

Or they may steal the food on the counter. And the food they eat may be toxic, such as chocolate or raisins. Or they may get a blockage from ingesting a towel or sock.

A bored, under-exercised golden can get very creative in meeting his needs.

3. Mouthing 

Being retrievers, goldens are one of the “mouthier” breeds. They often need to have something in their mouths. 

If a golden isn’t properly trained that we aren’t a chew toy or pheasant he’s retrieving, he may become very mouthy.

That is, he may constantly try to hold our clothes, arm, or hand in his mouth. 

We also don’t want to become a tug toy.

Biting is a natural canine behavior. But puppies should be taught bite inhibition. 

We don’t want our dogs to progress to biting and breaking skin.

Even if he has a “soft mouth” in which he naturally is gentle, the habit is annoying. And it can be dangerous. 

Someone can be badly bruised or even pulled down.

4. Pulling on the Leash

Goldens love to go places and greet all their new admirers. But they want to get there sooner rather than later. 

Many dogs pull on a leash, but not all are as friendly as goldens are known to be. 

And they can be laser-focused on getting where they want to go.

Being a rather large dog, a golden pulling on a leash can injure someone. An owner can be pulled down and get injured. 

Or the dog himself can get free and get lost or injured–or worse.

5. Demanding Attention

Because of their natural friendliness, goldens may want to be the center of attention. 

They are so family-oriented, they love to be with us.

Some goldens may bark at you for attention. They may nudge you and grab your arm to be recognized. 

Some may even engage in unwanted behaviors like taking something off the table. Even negative attention is attention.

6. Hyperactivity

Some goldens seemingly bounce off the walls. 

They are like a hurricane passing through the living room. Tables are cleared of bric-a-brac. Pillows are shredded and on the floor. 

But your happy golden is furiously wagging his tail, looking for the next item he can use to help expel his excess energy.

7. Separation Anxiety

Because of their innate friendly, family-oriented behavior, goldens may suffer from separation anxiety at a higher rate than some other breeds.

Their need to be with us can lead to some unwanted behaviors. 

Dogs with mild separation anxiety may drool, pace, whine, and generally behave in a distressed manner.

Dogs with severe separation anxiety may become very destructive. 

They may try to get out of doors and windows, feverishly digging at the door and window frames. They may even severely harm themselves in their attempts to get free. 

Dogs with separation anxiety may need professional behavioral help.

How To Fix Common Behavior Problems Goldens May Have

There are no quick fixes for behavior problems. 

But if you’re consistent in helping rectify any behavior problems, they usually can be “fixed” or managed in a successful manner.

We owe it to our goldens to do all we can to meet their natural needs. 

A bored, untrained, under-exercised, unsupervised golden is going to develop some problem behaviors. 

And he’s an unhappy golden because he won’t be leading the life he should lead and won’t be able to participate in activities that he enjoys.

Some of the tips below will even help your golden from developing any of the potential problems cited above.

I wrote the ways to help fix a problem separately from the problems because it will probably take more than one item to change an unwanted behavior successfully.

All of the favorable interactions we have with our goldens also help further our bond with them.

Physical Exercise 

Goldens were bred to hunt. It’s literally in their genes. 

They are highly energetic dogs. If we don’t provide a sufficient amount of exercise for them, they’ll be very likely to engage in the above-named problem behaviors.

Walks, fetching, jogging, agility, and swimming can all be great ways to physically exercise your golden. 

A vet check-up is advisable prior to starting any exercise program. Also, ask your vet whether any particular training you’re planning is appropriate for your golden.

A young golden’s joints are just developing and seniors may have risk factors such as arthritis.

Physical exercise can help decrease or eliminate the above-named problems.

Of course, you want to exercise your dog enough but not over-exert them. How much is enough and what types are best will depend on your golden’s age, health, and genetic makeup.

Dogs who have been sufficiently exercised are less likely to jump or engage in destructive activities such as digging or chewing. 

And they’re less likely to be hyperactive. Also, dogs who are exercised and calm before we leave are less likely to develop separation anxiety. 

Obedience Training

Obedience training helps us communicate with our dogs and informs them what behaviors are desired.

A dog doesn’t know that he should sit or stand on all fours rather than jump to greet us.

They don’t know that they shouldn’t pull on a leash or attempt to get our attention in negative ways. 

It’s up to us to teach them acceptable alternative behaviors.

So we can teach them to sit before they receive attention. Or to lie down next to us and settle. 

And we can show him what toys he can put in his mouth rather than destroying items or turning us into his chew toy. Redirection works.

We can also teach them a “leave it” command not to take things off a counter or not to dig.

And we can teach them to not pull on a leash and to walk on a loose leash.

Part of the training should include how to leave your dog alone. This will help prevent separation anxiety from developing. 

Start with short sessions. Be sure that he’s received a sufficient amount of physical and mental exercise. 

Make leaving a happy opportunity–when great things appear. Leave a frozen, stuffed Extreme Kong with him as you leave. 

Don’t make a fuss when you depart or when you return.

If your dog has already shown signs of separation distress, get the help of a qualified behavior specialist.

As far as your golden inappropriately seeking attention is concerned, you can ignore your dog. 

Turn away or get up and leave. 

But do give him the attention he needs on your terms by calling him over to you occasionally. Pet him. Have him do a command or trick. Praise, pet, and treat.

Mental Stimulation

Of course, there are many puzzle toys and treat-dispensing toys that can help expand your golden retriever’s mind and tire him out.

You should also play games with him. Teach him to tug a toy like a rope or long fleece to and give.

You can have him play fetch. Teach him how to retrieve and release the ball or other toy if he doesn’t know how already.

You can play hide-and-seek where you go and hide and call him to you. Make a big deal when he reaches you (YES! Good boy!) and give a few great treats. 

Of course, don’t do this game too often. And not at all with a dog who has separation anxiety.


All dogs should be properly socialized to new people, friendly dogs, and new situations and environments they’ll face in everyday life. But, to goldens, this is what they often enjoy most.

Everyone is a potential friend. And they’ll thrive by proper introductions and attention from new people. 

Your golden will also learn what’s appropriate behavior when you work on his commands with new people. 

He should learn to calmly sit when approached and petted by a newcomer, rather than jumping or getting “mouthy.”

Structure and Routine

All dogs need structure and routine. 

Goldens will thrive if they are fed the same times each day, are exercised as needed routinely, and receive attention from their people every day.

No dog should be just put aside like a statue. Goldens especially need attention through positive daily interactions–play, training, and exercise. 

If ignored, their sweet, golden personality will wilt. And they’ll find unwanted ways to meet their needs.

Final Thoughts

Golden retrievers are such happy, affable, family dogs. But they are prone more than some breeds to certain problem behaviors because of their genetic purpose to retrieve and their desire to be with people.

It’s important to meet their needs and teach them what behaviors are acceptable. By doing so, their lives–as well as ours–will be full and happy.

Does your golden engage in any unwanted behaviors?

How have you handled them?

Please tell us about it in the comment section below.

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  1. Grief is a good word. Our first dog was a Golden. We got her at 9 months from a friend and shortly thereafter sent her to train with a reputable trainer. He took extra long to return her because she was so hyper and he wanted her to master his basics. She was retuned Christmas Eve after 3.5 months away. I wasn’t worried; but the original owner felt for the dog being gone so long.

    That first evening home she showed her teeth to my grandchildren by the Christmas tree. And it was heartbreaking. They knew her and had played with her before. They were so sad. I asked the trainer about it. He said he hadn’t seen this behavior and said “something about children is making her anxious.”

    It led to her being an outside dog. My daughter was five. We had little ones over all the time. I have a lot of guilt about it, because I chose the trainer on a friend’s recommendation.

    We eventually got three more dogs- all have great temperaments but we have all suffered due to the dysfunction she has caused, like when one child in the family is off-the-charts difficult.

    She’s about ten now with bad arthritis. A few days ago she ate some insulation, and I took her to emergency. At the time I didn’t know that she had eaten something toxic, and it appeared she was just dying from respiratory illness. The vet advised to put her to sleep and made me sign a waiver that I was taking her home against their advice.

    Thankfully she recovered. ( She is up to date on vaccines).

    We have been spoiling her and letting her enjoy being an inside dog. But sadly she just showed a lot of aggression toward me, showing her teeth and snarling several times when I tried to tell her to go outside. She won basically.

    Our little pug mutt gets angry and tries to tell her she was out of place . . .

    So we continue to love her and adjust to what appears to have been brain damage PTSD perhaps with a bad trainer or program that was just too strenuous for her. She is usually beautiful, hyper, and sweet.

  2. Hi Kathy,
    I have the same issues with my nine month old golden. I have bruises and punctures on my arms. I have tried wrestling him to the ground, using an E collar with no improvement. I have tried to hold his two front paws up in the air after he jumps and that has slowed him down some.
    I’m hopeful we can get some professional response to this.
    I am also 70 and concerned that I have taken on more than I can handle.

  3. I have a 7 month old Golden Retriever. Most of the time my pup is so loving and sweet. But he has tremendous need for attention and I can’t seem to give him all that he needs or wants. I play with him and pet him extensively. I bring him to property where he can run freely with another dog. I train him primarily but have had help from a trainer for certain issues like jumping on people upon greeting and leash pulling. His jumping on me has increased and with great energy recently when I am outside with him while he is playing. He will all of a sudden jump AT me with much hyper energy and grabs my arm hurting me. Sometimes when I try to reprimand his hyper bad behavior, he snaps his teeth at me.

    I am so concerned. I am afraid this hyper bad behavior is going to get worse. I have read in other comments about jumping and grabbing at owner’s arm. Is this common? People tell me that he is just being a puppy. I never had this issue with my other two retrievers. I am almost 71 and need a dog who won’t push me over and bite. Help!

  4. Please help me with my problem. I have a 17month old golden, but this really started when she was about 6 months. Everything I have tried has not worked. We have done training classes, we exercise regularly, I am teaching her tricks and, except for her food related temper tantrums, she is just fine and as sweet as can be. Also funnier than heck. If she is in the back 40 acres and finds something to chew on, or if she finds poop to eat and I call her, she will not come. If I block her, she will throw herself on her back and will NOT get up. If I try to take her collar or snap on a lead, she will mouth me with her teeth. Once I lift her bodily up, she will leap and jump on her back feet, still mouthing me with her teeth. She has drawn blood. I love her to pieces and very much want to fix this problem. I have asked trainers, but they have not offered anything other than “leave her with me for 6 weeks”. She doesn’t need that.

  5. Just rescued an abandoned 6-10 year old (2 vets disagree) golden. Don’t know background, probably abuse. Definitely issues. Separation, counter cruising, swallowing inappropriate items, fear issues, sudden zoomed.
    Won’t give up on her but surprised at all the issues. This is our 8th rescue

  6. My Golden Retriever is four and at times out of control. Her behaviour is odd as she will be happily walking on her leash then all of a sudden she is jumping on me and biting my arm with great force… it is difficult to get her to stop…. My 12 year old daughter walked her yesterday and she had to phone me to come and get her as she would not stop jumping on her and biting her arm. In the house she is calm and this dosnt happen.. have you any idea why she does this and how can I stop this from happening.

  7. In retrospect its unfortunate we chose a golden as a 1st family dog. I was honestly griefed most days with the obnoxious behavior and constant distractions. Our kids pet turned into my 4th child. But it does get better with time. She is 12mths old now and showing signs of some calming but still pretty darn obnoxious with the jumping and getting into trouble when we try to be nice and let her loose (its 15acres here). She also bursted out the door last month in the dark to mount with another dog. We lost her in the dark and it really stressed my kids out. We didnt want to spay her until shes a little older but its definitely happening before the next round of heat. That was a ridiculous horrible situation that involved the local sheriff and disrupting the peace of my neighbors.

    I’m not simply complaining about her, just sharing our experience for others to know it gets better with time. But this is probably not the best “1st dog” breed. I’d go with something more laid back unless you want an energy ball that yanks you everywhere on the leash the 1st couple years.

  8. Great article! My 16 month Golden is intensely social. She never saw a dog she didn’t want to meet. I’m 77 and she just about pulls me down when we are walking and she sees another dog she wants to meet. Just when I think she is getting the idea of loose leash walking, she charges off with me in tow. She also loves the neighbors house more than me! Can you imagine? Just because they have 4 dogs over there, mostly labs. And a teenager who loves my Sadie. She’s had 2 training sessions and does most of the skills most of the time. What can you suggest?

  9. Good article. Our 2 yr old female hits 6 of the 7 behavior problems. We also have a 3 yr old golden and he’s opposite. We’ve had 3 other goldens in the past. These two are the best buddies but Sophie is our problem girl. Do you work in suburbs of Philly?

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