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Should I get a puppy or a dog?
After having both at the same time we quickly found out that there are major differences between training a puppy vs dog.
It has been many moons since we last fostered an older dog.
That all changed 9 months ago when we brought home a Golden Retriever not so aptly named Raven (she’s an English Creme Golden Retriever almost white in color).
A short 2 weeks after Raven entered our home we picked up our 8 week old service dog puppy in training, Archer.
We had both an untrained adult dog and puppy for the first time, simultaneously!
We quickly found out that there are some major differences between training a puppy vs dog.
Should I Get A Puppy Or A Dog? 6 Major Differences Between The Two
Quick Recommendation: If you’re planning on getting a new puppy or dog we recommend getting a good book on training like The Puppy Primer which was required reading before we brought home our service dog puppy, Adelle.
If you’re trying to choose between a dog and a puppy then some of these factors may be the difference maker when trying to decide between the two.
Many people who are interested in bringing home a puppy are doing so because they want a pet with a known history.
If you get your puppy through a breeder (even sometimes from a rescue organization) you can often times meet both parents and siblings as well as find out the lineage of your puppy.
- Archer: We got to meet Archer’s mama and papa as well as all of his siblings. We also had the opportunity to temperament test a select group of puppies from his litter.
- Raven: We knew she grew up in a kennel and wasn’t socialized, but we mainly learned on the job with Raven. She was terrified of the crate. She wasn’t potty trained. She didn’t know basic obedience. Her house manners weren’t so great as she tried to get on the couch and bed. She had some behavior issues including jumping up and getting mouthy with people.
Winner: PUPPY. Ideally I think we’d all like to know the history of our pets.
We were lucky and it wasn’t too difficult to teach Raven and introduce her to things like her crate.
However, we are still working to socialize her and build her confidence in areas as basic as our neighborhood walks.
UPDATE: It’s been 4 years since I originally wrote this article. Archer is a working Service Dog in Seattle, WA. Raven lives with us and is now a well-behaved wonderful family dog.
#2 Bladder Control
An 8 week old puppy doesn’t have greatest bladder control.
If you brought home a puppy recently then you may have already experienced your puppy going potty outside then coming inside and going potty again.
Yep, puppies have smaller bladders than adult dogs.
- Archer: As I mentioned puppies will sometimes get their business done outside then have a pee accident inside and Archer was no different. While we have gotten pretty good at detecting when a puppy has to potty by watching for signs like circling, sniffing, etc we are still not 100%. I feel like sometimes Archer didn’t know he had to pee until after he started peeing. Ahhh…the joys of raising a puppy 🙂
- Raven: When Raven came to the house she had great bladder control her problem was she didn’t know she was supposed to potty outside. Because she had better bladder control than a puppy we gave her more freedom. She is potty trained now, but if we had treated her like a puppy (limited freedom, watching her 100% of the time) I have no doubt she would have had zero accidents in the house and she probably would have been house trained within a couple weeks time or possibly less.
Winner: DOG. While I haven’t potty trained many older dogs the fact that they can physically hold it longer than a puppy is a huge plus.
#3 Immune System
Puppies don’t have a fully developed immune system and this makes them vulnerable to sickness and disease.
The rule of thumb is to be more cautious with your puppy until they are fully vaccinated (around 16-20 weeks of age if you’re following a standard vaccination schedule).
When our puppies are not fully vaccinated we generally avoid areas frequented by unknown dogs like parks (especially dog parks), pet stores, and we’re extra careful at the vets office.
- Archer: Lucky for us Archer is being raised as a service dog so there are plenty of places for him to socialize where dogs don’t regularly frequent like grocery stores, shopping malls, book stores, restaurants, movie theaters, and most places the general public can go.
- Raven: As an adult dog we weren’t worried about Raven’s immune system when taking her out. Her biggest issue was anxiety which we attribute to factor #1: History.
Winner: DOG. Sadly, we’ve experienced puppy Parvo outbreaks first hand. It’s not fun.
One of the things I do when I first bring home a puppy or dog is give a bath.
Let me tell you it’s a whole heck of a lot easier to bathe a 10 pound puppy compared to a 70 pound dog
Yeah, I’m sure this is not much of a factor if you have a 3 lb Yorkie and it grows to 8 lbs, but when it comes to most of the dog’s we’ve raised size matters.
Dogs compared to puppies take longer to bathe, they eat more food, bigger poops, shed more fur, can be more difficult to control.
When training it’s much easier to manage a jumping, pulling puppy then it is to manage a jumping, pulling dog.
The list goes on and on. SIZE MATTERS!
- Archer: If I recall correctly he weighed in at 8 lbs. His bath was a joy! If he pulled on leash my arm remained in socket 🙂 I could carry him around like I was Paris Hilton.
- Raven: She came to us as a full grown Golden Retriever and a healthy 70 lbs. Her first bath took at least an hour. She had very little training so in the beginning when she pulled on leash it was not fun. When she jumped up on us we were nearly nose to nose.
Winner: PUPPY. When raising and training smaller size makes life easier.
UPDATE: One point I failed to mention is you do not know how large a puppy will actually be when fully grown. Our puppy, Charlie only grew to be 55 pounds. Mom was 75 pounds and Dad was 90 pounds. On the other hand if you bring home an adult dog then he is already fully grown. I’ll still give the slight edge to the puppy, but the gap narrows.
Cuteness is a puppy’s saving grace.
How can you look at a puppy pic without saying: “awwww….”?
Yep, puppies are definitely cute!
- Archer: Just look at the pics! Nuff said…
- Raven: She’s definitely cute, but I’ll bet you a million dollars that the 8 week old puppy version of Raven was the definition of cuteness.
Winner: PUPPY. Puppy = Cute
Little tiny vampire teeth! They’re like daggers!
Rarely do I get a puppy and not come away with a few battle scars on my hands, arms…sometimes legs and feet, but not too worry your puppy’s adult teeth will come in at around 5 months.
Until then you’ll probably want to work on controlling any mouthy puppy behavior.
- Archer: We were lucky with Archer he was more of a nibbler. However, every other Lab puppy we brought home were mouthy, mouthy, and mouthy.
- Raven: She was mouthy when she first arrived, but lucky for us she didn’t have the tiny dagger teeth otherwise we’d definitely have some battle wounds.
Winner: DOG. If you have a puppy then you know what I’m talking about.
After tallying the score it’s a 3-3 tie in our little competition between Puppy vs Dog.
No, I did not plan it this way.
I guess that’s why in sports they have a 7 game series not 6.
Unfortunately, I don’t have a 7th factor. Maybe that’s something you can add in the comment section below.
Have you raised and trained both a puppy and a dog?
What differences have you noticed between Puppy vs Dog?
Add the seventh factor and help us break this tie.
Tell us your thoughts in the comment section below.
QUICK RECOMMENDATION: If you decide a puppy is right for you then we highly recommend the Snuggle Puppy with heartbeat and heat pack. It will help your puppy get used to his first few nights in his new home.
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This article was originally published on April 29, 2016.
Top Picks For Our Puppies
- BEST PUPPY TOY
We Like: Snuggle Puppy w/ Heart Beat & Heat Pack - Perfect for new puppies. We get all of our Service Dog pups a Snuggle Puppy.
- BEST DOG CHEW
We Like: Best Bully Sticks - All of our puppies love to bite, nip, and chew. We love using Bully Sticks to help divert these unwanted behaviors.
- BEST DOG TREATS
We Like: Wellness Soft Puppy Bites - One of our favorite treats for training our service dog puppies.
Check out more of our favorites on our New Puppy Checklist.